20 January

Апдейт 30 декабря – фильтр Яндекса за ПФ – разбор полетов

Что произошло в апдейт 30 декабря 2014 года?

0019_logoНа Новый Год есть традиция дарить людям радость, подарки, поздравлять с праздником. В этом году Яндекс не подвел и поздравил всех оптимизатором крутым апдейтом, в котором были зафильтрованы сайты, которые занимались накруткой поведенческих факторов.

Надо сразу же отметить, что у Яндекса по прежнему любимой пословицей остается «лес рубят – щепки летят». Хотели как лучше, получилось как всегда. Под раздачу попали и сайты, которые не участвовали в накрутках. Но давайте разбираться в ситуации по порядку.

Кого коснулся фильтр за ПФ?

У меня достаточно большая выборка экспериментальных сайтов в разных системах накрутки. Так вот пострадали сайты во всех системах. Причем нельзя сказать, что у кого-то процент пострадавших сайтов больше. О чем это говорит? О том, что качество накруток у всех систем приблизительно одинаковое, так что особо нет разницы чем пользоваться.

Может быть я чего-то и пропустил, но до сегодняшнего дня видел только заявление от одной из систем, что пострадало порядка 5% сайтов. В связи с этим у меня возникает три вопроса:

  1. Стоит ли верить этой цифре?
    Я думаю, что цифры сильно занижены, думаю, порядка 50% сайтов пострадало. Это мои личные ощущения, с реальностью они могут расходиться, так же как официальные заявления администраторов систем накрутки :)
  2. Чья заслуга, что не все сайты системы пострадали?
    Думаю, что сайты, которых фильтры не затронули, имеют свои козыри в рукаве, то есть заслуг систем накруток здесь нет.
  3. Что может влиять на то, что какой-то сайт не был зафильтрован?
    Возраст сайта, траст, хорошие поведенческие метрики до накрутки, большой трафик с разнообразных источников, большой процент возвратов пользователей на сайт и т.д. и т.п.

Как проверить, находится ли сайт под фильтром за ПФ?

Обычно невооружённым взглядом видно падение позиций и просадка по трафику. Просадка по трафику выглядит вот так:
0019_01
Если же хотите удостовериться, что во всем виноваты поведенческие факторы, вернее недобросовестное их использование, то имеет смысл использовать в ключевых запросах минус слова-абракадабры.
То есть берете ваш ключевой запрос, например, «купить валенки в магадане» и проверяете позиции по двум запросам:

  • купить валенки в магадане
  • купить валенки в магадане –ввапывапывап

Если позиции сайта по этим двум запросам отличаются, значит вы попали под фильтр.

Ручные и автоматические фильтры за поведенческие факторы

Естественно возникает вопрос, как отличить ручные санкции от автоматических. Здесь можно только гадать и предполагать.

  1. Если сайт упал по всем запросам, а не только по тем, которые накручивались, то велика вероятность ручных санкций.
  2. Можно написать письмо в Яндекс, задать вопрос, почему позиции сайта просели. Из ответа надо постараться понять, есть ли ручные санкции. Важно, что на большинство писем Яндекс дает шаблонный ответ. Необходимо так задать вопросы, чтобы получить нестандартный ответ. Пример стандартного ответа от поддержки Яндекса:

0019_02

Я ничего не крутил – что делать?

Надо понимать, что если вы крутили ПФ, но не хотите в этом признаваться, то вряд ли у вас получится оперативно снять фильтр. Здесь хочу рассказать об одном примере, когда мы были уверены на 100%, что накруток не было.

Сайт в узкой коммерческой тематике, очень старый, в Я.Ке, позиции стабильный на протяжении многих лет. 30 декабря позиции сайт обрушились. Мы перепроверили статистику за последний год:

  • Проанализировали трафик на сайте. Не было всплесков по времени, проводимому пользователями на сайте. Не было изменений по отказам, по глубине просмотров.
  • Построили сводный график, где отразили позиции сайта за год, частоты запросов и трафик, который сайт получал по запросам. Аномалий не обнаружено.

То есть накруток нет. Технической поддержке Яндекса было написано письмо, в котором мы привели доказательства нашей невиновности. От Яндекса получена отписка:
0019_03

Какие выводы можно сделать?

  1. Яндексу на наши письма глубоко плевать, пусть вы даже самый белый в мире оптимизатор.
  2. Письмо можно трактовать таким образом, что фильтр со временем снимется сам. Тогда возникает логичная цепочка умозаключений: если «фильтр» снимется сам, то это скорее всего и не фильтр вовсе, а просто срезание значений ПФ до стандартных. То есть статистика соберется заново и позиции сайта восстановятся через пару месяцев. Продолжаем думать… Почему нельзя было просто взять и не учитывать статистику по базе IP юзеров, которые были уличены в накрутках? Скорее всего само значение определенного фактора хранится не как массив данных по каждой сессии пользователя, а как одно число, которое изменяется при расчетах. Т.о. невозможно вычесть из текущих значений ту часть, которая была накручена. И это логично, поэтому у накрутчиков были сброшены значения ПФ до начальных.

На данный момент писать в Яндекс о том, что вы белые и пушистые – бесполезная трата времени. Тем не менее, меня не покидает надежда, что если аргументированных писем станет много, то может быть на проблему обратят внимание.

Ну а улучшатся ли позиции у белых сайтов автоматически – покажет время.

Как можно снять фильтр за поведенческие факторы?

Давным-давно еще когда деревья были большие (в середине 2011 года), БДБД провел удачный эксперимент по переклейке домена, в результате чего было выявлено, что фильтры за поведенческие факторы не передаются новому домену, к которому был подклеен старый.

Какие неприятные моменты могут быть при подклейке? Наиболее неприятный момент, это передача лишь части характеристик старого домена, например, веса ссылок.

Надо понимать, что уговорить клиента уйти на новый домен и подклеить старый – задача непростая, но выполнимая. Можно клиента «обрадовать», что позиции сайта на старом домене могу не восстановиться никогда :)

Регистрация в Яндекс Каталоге – регионы, бонусыПиастры за контекст на бутылку рома – отчет № 3
Фильтры Гугла или Google Penguin 3.0 в действииБыстробот Яндекса или спамеры со Sports.ru спалились!
tw
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